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Everything posted by Luke_Wilbur

  1. White House Visitor Center

    President Obama Announces Members of the Committee for the Preservation of the White House Committee to advise on the preservation of objects in the White House’s public spaces
  2. Can the President authorize a sponsored item?

    WhiteHouse.gov Third-Party Tools and Sites Links to External Sites
  3. Insiders vs. Outsiders. Federal governing experience vs. Private sector governing experience. Who will win?
  4. What happens when a National Park Service Concessioner is engaging in discriminatory actions against its patrons that threaten the enjoyment of the National Park location by not offering a product at a reasonable and exceeds appropriate stated rate? The National Park Service has the right to terminate the contract. If you'd like more information, contact the National Park Service Commercial Services 202-513-7156
  5. National Park Service Concessioner Discriminates Patron

    Every National Park Service concession contract has text provisions to protect people from non discrimination. EXHIBIT C NONDISCRIMINATION SEC. 1 REQUIREMENTS RELATING TO EMPLOYMENT AND SERVICE TO THE PUBLIC ( c ) Facilities (1) Definitions: As used herein: (i) Concessioner shall mean the Concessioner and its employees, agents, lessees, sublessees, and contractors, and the successors in interest of the Concessioner; (ii) Facility shall mean any and all services, facilities, privileges, accommodations, or activities available to the general public and permitted by this agreement. (2) The Concessioner is prohibited from: (i) publicizing facilities operated hereunder in any manner that would directly or inferentially reflect upon or question the acceptability of any person because of race, color, religion, sex, sexual orientation, gender identity, age, national origin, or disabling condition;
  6. Curry Spice Kills Cancer Cells

    Research shows that starting your meal with a low calorie salad or soup can help you eat fewer calories for the entire meal.
  7. What happens if a person is deprived the opportunity to purchase goods on the ground of race, color, religion, or national origin in a place exhibition and entertainment where it serves interstate travelers. What happen if this person is then intimidated, threatened, or coerced, or attempt to intimidate, threaten, or coerce not to purchase not goods from seller. TITLE II--INJUNCTIVE RELIEF AGAINST DISCRIMINATION IN PLACES OF PUBLIC ACCOMMODATION
  8. 42 USC CHAPTER 21, SUBCHAPTER II: PUBLIC ACCOMMODATIONS From Title 42—THE PUBLIC HEALTH AND WELFARE CHAPTER 21—CIVIL RIGHTS SUBCHAPTER II—PUBLIC ACCOMMODATIONS §2000a. Prohibition against discrimination or segregation in places of public accommodation
  9. First Ladies White House Endowment Fund

    The White House Endowment Trust, sometimes also called the White House Endowment Fund, is a private, non-profit, tax-exempt fund established to finance the ongoing restoration and refurbishment of the state rooms at the White House, the official home and principal workplace of the President of the United States. The fund is funded by private donation, through individual citizens and corporations. The trust is administered by the White House Historical Association. FIRST LADIES WHITE HOUSE ENDOWMENT FUND September 30, 1996.--Ordered to be printed _______________________________________________________________________ Mr. Murkowski, from the Committee on Energy and Natural Resources, submitted the following R E P O R T [To accompany S. 951] The Committee on Energy and Natural Resources, to which was referred the bill (S. 951) to commemorate the service of First Ladies Jacqueline Kennedy and Patricia Nixon to improving and maintaining the Executive Residence of the President and to authorize grants to the White House Endowment Fund in their memory to continue their work, having considered the same, reports favorably thereon with an amendment and an amendment to the title and recommends that the bill as amended do pass. The amendments are as follows: 1. Strike out all after the enacting clause and insert in lieu thereof the following: ``SECTION 1. GRANTS TO THE WHITE HOUSE ENDOWMENT FUND. ``Subject to appropriations, the Secretary of the Interior is authorized to make grants totaling not more than $10,000,000 to the White House Endowment Fund to support the acquisition of objects for, and the preservation of, the public rooms of the White House and its collection of Fine and Decorative Arts; and to serve as a memorial to the Nation's First Ladies, whose interest and dedication have done so much to preserve and enhance the historic integrity of the White House.''. 2. Amend the title so as to read: ``A bill to commemorate the service of the Nation's First Ladies to improving and maintaining the Executive Residence of the President and to authorize grants to the White House Endowment Fund in their memory to continue their work.''. purpose of the measure The purpose of S. 951 is to direct the President of the United States to make grants to the White House Endowment Fund to be used for the preservation and conservation of the public rooms of the White House and the acquisition of historical objects for the White House collection of fine and decorative American art. background and need Over 1.5 million people visit the White House each year. It has been estimated that the public rooms of the White House require a complete refurbishing every eight to ten years. The White House historic preservation program was initiated by Jacqueline Kennedy in 1961. Mrs. Kennedy initiated the program in order to restore the historic integrity of the public rooms of the White House; to establish a fine and decorative arts collection; and to establish the White House Historical Association to publish and distribute educational materials describing the White House and its history. Patricia Nixon provided the leadership for the most extensive acquisition of fine and decorative arts in the history of the White House. Her plan for refurbishing the public rooms remains intact after more than twenty years. The fine and decorative arts donated to the White House during the leadership of Mrs. Kennedy and Mrs. Nixon, valued today at tens of millions of dollars, far exceed those received during all other modern Presidential administrations combined. With the leadership of First Lady Barbara Bush, the White House Endowment Fund was established in 1990 to create a permanent endowment of $25,000,000 to maintain the public rooms and collection of the White House. As of February, 1996, the combined total of contributions and pledges to the Endowment Fund was $14,528,548. S. 951, as amended, would authorize an unrestricted grant of $10 million, subject to appropriations, to be used for the preservation and conservation of the public rooms of the White House and the acquisition of historical objects for the White House collection of fine and decorative American art. The grant would also commemorate the service of all the Nation's First Ladies and their efforts in improving and maintaining the Executive Residence of the President. legislative history Senator Hutchison introduced S. 951 on June 21, 1995. The Subcommittee on Parks, Recreation and Historic Preservation held a hearing on the bill on April 25, 1996. At the business meeting on June 19, 1996, the Committee on Energy and Natural Resources ordered S. 951 favorably reported, as amended. committee recommendation The Committee on Energy and Natural Resources, in open business session on September 12, 1996, by a unanimous voice vote of a quorum present, recommends that the Senate pass S. 951, if amended as described herein. committee amendment During the consideration of S. 951, the Committee adopted an amendment in the nature of a substitute. The amended bill commemorates the service of all the Nation's First Ladies and their efforts in improving and maintaining the Executive Residence of the President, and amends the title of the bill to reflect this change. The amended bill eliminates the ``Findings'' section; revises and clarifies the grant language; and includes a provision to make the authorization subject to appropriation. section-by-section analysis S. 951 authorizes the Secretary of the Interior to make grants totaling not more that $10,000,000 to the White House Endowment Fund to be used for the preservation and conservation of the public rooms of the White House and the acquisition of historical objects for the White House collection of fine and decorative art. The funds would serve as a memorial to the Nation's First Ladies and their efforts to enhance and preserve the historic integrity of the White House. cost and budgetary considerations The following estimate of the cost of this measure has been provided by the Congressional Budget Office: U.S. Congress, Congressional Budget Office, Washington, DC, September 17, 1996. Hon. Frank H. Murkowski, Chairman, Committee on Energy and Natural Resources, U.S. Senate, Washington, DC. Dear Mr. Chairman: The Congressional Budget Office has reviewed S. 951, a bill to commemorate the service of the nation's First Ladies to improving and maintaining the Executive Residence of the President and to authorize grants to the White House Endowment Fund in their memory to continue their work, as ordered reported by the Senate Committee on Energy and Natural Resources on September 12, 1996. Subject to the appropriation of the necessary funds, CBO estimates that S. 951 would increase outlays of the federal government by $10 million in the year in which it is appropriated. Enacting S951 would not affect direct spending or receipts; therefore, pay- as-you-go procedures would not apply. S. 951 would authorize the Secretary of the Interior to make grants totaling up to $10 million to the White House Endowment Fund, a nonprofit corporation, to assist in the acquiring of objects for and the preserving of the White House. Once the funds are appropriated, the Department of the Interior would transfer the $10 million to the White House Endowment Fund. S. 951 contains no private-sector or intergovernmental as defined in the Unfunded Mandates Reform Act of 1995 (Public Law 104-4) and would have no impact on the budgets of state, local, or tribal governments. If you wish further details on this estimate, we will be pleased to provide them. The CBO staff contact is John R. Righter. Sincerely, June E. O'Neill, Director. regulatory impact evaluation In compliance with paragraph 11( of rule XXVI of the Standing Rules of the Senate, the Committee makes the following evaluation of the regulatory impact which would be incurred in carrying out S. 951. The bill is not a regulatory measure in the sense of imposing Government-established standards or significant economic responsibilities on private individuals and businesses. No personal information would be collected in administering the program. Therefore, there would be no impact on personal privacy. Little, if any, additional paperwork would result from the enactment of S. 951, as ordered reported. executive communications On September 13, 1996, the Committee on Energy and Natural Resources requested legislative reports from the Department of the Interior and the Office of Management and Budget setting forth Executive agency recommendations on S. 951. These reports had not been received at the time the report on S. 951 was filed. When these reports become available, the Chairman will request that they be printed in the Congressional Record for the advice of the Senate. The testimony provided by the Department of the Interior at the Subcommittee hearing follows: Statement of Denis P. Galvin, Associate Director for Professional Services, National Park Service, Department of the Interior Mr. Chairman, thank you for the opportunity to appear before your committee to testify on S. 951, a bill to commemorate the service of First Ladies Jacqueline Kennedy and Patricia Nixon to improving and maintaining the Executive Residence of the President and to authorize grants to the White House Endowment Fund in their memory to continue their work. We strongly support the efforts of the White House Historical Association, through the White House Endowment Fund, to raise private funds for the preservation of White House public rooms and historical objects. The Fund provides substantial support for the National Park Service (NPS) mission at the White House and increases the preservation and interpretation of the museum character of the public areas of the White House for the benefit of its 1.5 million annual visitors. The Association was established in 1961 and has been quite successful without Federal funding. We do not believe that financing this non-profit corporation should now become a Federal responsibility. Consequently, we do not believe that the grants proposed in S. 951 are necessary to complete the endowment. The White House Endowment Fund was incorporated January 12, 1990, under the laws of the State of Maryland to operate exclusively for charitable, educational, scientific, and literary purposes within the meaning of the Internal Revenue Code. The Internal Revenue Service has determined that the Endowment Fund is exempt from Federal income tax under IRS Section 501( c )( 3 ). The Endowment Fund was established for the purpose of raising a $25 million endowment to provide permanent support of the White House collection of fine art and furnishings and to preserve the historic character of the public museum rooms of the White House. The Endowment Fund was incorporated as a wholly owned subsidiary of the White House Historical Association. The Association is also a not-for-profit charitable and educational organization, founded in 1961 as a National Park Service cooperating association, for the purpose of enhancing the public's understanding and appreciation of the history of the White House. The board of directors of the Endowment Fund are elected to annual terms by the board of directors of the Association. As of February 29, 1996, the total contributions and pledges to the Endowment Fund was $14,524,548. The total amount contributed from revenue by the Endowment Fund to White House projects was $711,000. In addition, $428,000 has been set aside for projects in FY 1996. This brings the total amount expended for White House preservation to $1,139,000 through September, 1996. Operating and management costs in 1995 represented 5% of the total increase in assets in the Endowment Fund during the year. Two hundred twenty private donors have contributed to the Endowment Fund. There have been 62 corporations, 45 foundations, and 113 individuals. The size of gifts range from $3 from a young boy attending a White House function to $1,000,000 each from a foundation and an individual. In 1995, the restoration of the Blue Room of the White House was the first complete renovation of a state room in the White House totally underwritten by the Endowment Fund. The work included new reproduction wall covering and carpet, gilding and reconditioning of the woodwork, and the conservation of the French Empire furniture purchased and brought to the White House by President Monroe. The Endowment Fund contributed $355,611 to this historic preservation project. Requests for funding from the Endowment Fund are made jointly by the White House Chief Usher and White House Curator with the approval of the Committee for the Preservation of the White House. The Chairman and Administrator of the Endowment Fund advise the Curator and Chief Usher each year of the amount of funds available for expenditure, based on the investment income received and a spending policy established by the fund's board of directors. The Director of the National Park Service serves as Chairman of the Committee for the Preservation of the White House and as an ex officio member of the board of directors of the White House Historical Association. The Director, therefore, has a role in determining the policies and programs related to the Endowment Fund and can ensure that the highest standards of resources stewardship will be applied to the work funded with the Endowment Fund proceeds. We support the efforts of the Endowment Fund to raise private donations to provide permanent support of the historic character and interpretation of the museum rooms of the White House, which are open to all visitors to our Nation's Capital. We do not believe, however, that this legislation is necessary. Mr. Chairman, this concludes my prepared remarks. I would be glad to answer any questions you might have. Changes In Existing Law In compliance with paragraph 12 of rule XXVI of the Standing Rules of the Senate, the Committee notes that no changes in existing law are made by the bill S. 951 as ordered reported.
  10. First Ladies White House Endowment Fund

    National Park Service Director Jonathan B. Jarvis 18th Director, National Park Service Jonathan B. Jarvis began his career with the National Park Service in 1976 as a seasonal interpreter in Washington, D.C. Today, he manages that agency whose mission is to preserve America's most treasured landscapes and cultural icons. Jarvis's 39-year career has taken him from ranger to resource management specialist to park biologist to superintendent of parks such as Craters of the Moon, North Cascades, Wrangell-St. Elias, and Mount Rainier. Before being confirmed as the 18th Director of the National Park Service on September 24, 2009, Jarvis served as regional director of the bureau's Pacific West Region. Today, he is responsible for overseeing an agency with more than 22,000 employees, a $3 billion budget, and more than 400 national parks that attract more than 280 million visitors every year who generate $30 billion in economic benefit across the nation. A Call to Action
  11. National Heritage Area Management Plan

    H.R.2833 - Yuma Crossing National Heritage Area Act of 2000 106th Congress (1999-2000) SEC. 4. COMPACT. ( a ) In General.--To carry out the purposes of this Act, the Secretary of the Interior shall enter into a compact with the management entity. ( b ) Components of Compact.--The compact shall include information relating to the objectives and management of the Heritage Area, including each of the following: ( 1 ) A discussion of the goals and objects of the Heritage Area. ( 2 ) An explanation of the proposed approach to conservation and interpretation of the Heritage Area. ( 3 ) A general outline of the protection measures to which the management entity commits. SEC. 5. AUTHORITIES AND DUTIES OF MANAGEMENT ENTITY. ( a ) Authorities of the Management Entity.--The management entity may, for purposes of preparing and implementing the management plan, use funds made available through this Act for the following: ( 1 ) To make grants to, and enter into cooperative agreements with, States and their political subdivisions, private organizations, or any person. ( 2 ) To hire and compensate staff. ( 3 ) To enter into contracts for goods and services. ( b ) Management Plan.-- ( 1 ) In general.--Taking into consideration existing State, county, and local plans, the management entity shall develop a management plan for the Heritage Area. ( 2 ) Contents.--The management plan required by this subsection shall include-- ( A ) comprehensive recommendations for conservation, funding, management, and development of the Heritage Area; ( B ) actions to be undertaken by units of government and private organizations to protect the resources of the Heritage Area; ( C ) a list of specific existing and potential sources of funding to protect, manage, and develop the Heritage Area; (D) an inventory of the resources contained in the Heritage Area, including a list of any property in the Heritage Area that is related to the themes of the Heritage Area and that should be preserved, restored, managed, developed, or maintained because of its natural, cultural, historic, recreational, or scenic significance; ( E ) a recommendation of policies for resource management which considers and details application of appropriate land and water management techniques, including the development of intergovernmental cooperative agreements to protect the historical, cultural, recreational, and natural resources of the Heritage Area in a manner consistent with supporting appropriate and compatible economic viability; ( F ) a program for implementation of the management plan by the management entity, including plans for restoration and construction, and specific commitments of the identified partners for the first 5 years of operation; ( G ) an analysis of ways in which local, State, and Federal programs may best be coordinated to promote the purposes of this Act; and ( H ) an interpretation plan for the Heritage Area. (3) Submission to secretary.--The management entity shall submit the management plan to the Secretary for approval not later than 3 years after the date of the enactment of this Act. If a management plan is not submitted to the Secretary as required within the specified time, the Heritage Area shall no longer qualify for Federal funding. © Duties of Management Entity.--In addition to its duties under subsection ( b ), the management entity shall-- (1) give priority to implementing actions set forth in the compact and management plan, including steps to assist units of government, regional planning organizations, and nonprofit organizations in preserving the Heritage Area; ( 2 ) assist units of government, regional planning organizations, and nonprofit organizations with-- ( A ) establishing and maintaining interpretive exhibits in the Heritage Area; ( B ) developing recreational resources in the Heritage Area; ( C ) increasing public awareness of and appreciation for the natural, historical, and architectural resources and sites in the Heritage Area; ( D ) restoring any historic building relating to the themes of the Heritage Area; and ( E ) ensuring that clear, consistent, and environmentally appropriate signs identifying access points and sites of interest are put in place throughout the Heritage Area; (3) encourage, by appropriate means, economic viability in the Heritage Area consistent with the goals of the management plan; (4) encourage local governments to adopt land use policies consistent with the management of the Heritage Area and the goals of the management plan; (5) consider the interests of diverse governmental, business, and nonprofit groups within the Heritage Area; (6) conduct public meetings at least quarterly regarding the implementation of the management plan; and (7) for any year in which Federal funds have been received under this Act, make available for audit all records pertaining to the expenditure of such funds and any matching funds, and require, for all agreements authorizing expenditure of Federal funds by other organizations, that the receiving organizations make available for audit all records pertaining to the expenditure of such funds. (d) Prohibition on the Acquisition of Real Property.--The management entity may not use Federal funds received under this Act to acquire real property or an interest in real property. Nothing in this Act shall preclude any management entity from using Federal funds from other sources for their permitted purposes. (e) Spending for Non-Federally Owned Property.--The management entity may spend Federal funds directly on non-federally owned property to further the purposes of this Act, especially [[Page 114 STAT. 1284]] in assisting units of government in appropriate treatment of districts, sites, buildings, structures, and objects listed or eligible for listing on the National Register of Historic Places. SEC. 6. DUTIES AND AUTHORITIES OF FEDERAL AGENCIES. (a) Technical and Financial Assistance.--The Secretary may, upon request of the management entity, provide technical and financial assistance to the management entity to develop and implement the management plan. In assisting the management entity, the Secretary shall give priority to actions that in general assist in-- (1) conserving the significant natural, historic, and cultural resources which support the themes of the Heritage Area; and (2) providing educational, interpretive, and recreational opportunities consistent with resources and associated values of the Heritage Area. ( b ) Approval and Disapproval of Management Plan.--The Secretary, in consultation with the Yuma Crossing National Heritage Area Board of Directors, shall approve or disapprove the management plan submitted under this Act not later than 90 days after receiving such management plan. ( c ) Action Following Disapproval.--If the Secretary disapproves a submitted compact or management plan, the Secretary shall advise the management entity in writing of the reasons therefor and shall make recommendations for revisions in the management plan. The Secretary shall approve or disapprove a proposed revision within 90 days after the date it is submitted. ( d ) Approving Amendments.--The Secretary shall review substantial amendments to the management plan for the Heritage Area. Funds appropriated pursuant to this Act may not be expended to implement the changes made by such amendments until the Secretary approves the amendments. ( e ) Documentation.--Subject to the availability of funds, the Historic American Building Survey/Historic American Engineering Record shall conduct those studies necessary to document the cultural, historic, architectural, and natural resources of the Heritage Area. SEC. 7. SUNSET. The Secretary may not make any grant or provide any assistance under this Act after September 30, 2015. SEC. 8. AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS. ( a ) In General.--There is authorized to be appropriated under this Act not more than $1,000,000 for any fiscal year. Not more than a total of $10,000,000 may be appropriated for the Heritage Area under this Act. ( b ) 50 Percent Match.--Federal funding provided under this Act, after the designation of the Heritage Area, may not exceed 50 percent of the total cost of any assistance or grant provided or authorized under this Act. Approved October 19, 2000. LEGISLATIVE HISTORY--H.R. 2833 (S. 1998): --------------------------------------------------------------------------- HOUSE REPORTS: No. 106-740 (Comm. on Resources). SENATE REPORTS: No. 106-340 accompanying S. 1998 (Comm. on Energy and Natural Resources). CONGRESSIONAL RECORD, Vol. 146 (2000): July 25, considered and passed House. Oct. 5, considered and passed Senate.
  12. GSA has the authority to contract for concessions in federally owned and leased space in order to meet the needs of the federal tenants in that space and also to contract directly with local telecommunications companies for public pay phones. GSA also has certain authorities to grant outleases, licenses, or permits to the private sector for use of federally owned or leased space. Outleasing is GSA’s method of leasing to the private sector or state or local government entities GSA-owned or leased space for which there is no immediate need by the Federal community. GSA offers for lease retail, office and warehouse space, and rooftops (generally to wireless telecommunications carriers), as well as short-term licenses for film productions, photography shoots and special events. Using one of the several outlease authorities available to the agency, GSA can lease space for up to 20 years. A negotiated lease method is used, rates are market based, and procedures are similar to those of the private real estate sector. Interested parties can see current vacancies or contact the GSA Outlease Program by visiting the GSA Outlease Vacancy Listing page.
  13. Pennsylvania Avenue National Historic Site Management Plan is governed by the National Park Service.
  14. Refusal to Sell to a Patron

    What happens when a seller with market power has done business with a buyer for years and stops without giving a legitimate reason?
  15. Price Discrimination to Patrons

    What is the legal recourse if a seller with market power of one commodity charges different prices to favored buyers to give a price advantage over competing customers when there is no justification in giving volume discounts?
  16. Can the President authorize a sponsored item?

    According to President Obama's Executive Order, no Executive Branch member shall receive a gift from a lobbying group.
  17. What size engine does it have?
  18. The Didache (The Teaching) First Christian Catechism

    Exodus 20 If you believe in The Father, Jesus, and are baptized in the Holy Spirit, but are having trouble finding love in your heart, start by following the rules given by the Holy Spirit to the Gentiles. are simple to follow. http://thepenwrote.com/halal-and-kosher-meat/ Acts 15 Life depends upon the existence and circulation of blood. God has decreed that blood is the instrument of atonement and purification of the soul from sin. Leviticus 17 Jesus gave his sinless blood to atone the sins of humanity against Hashem. Just as donating our blood can save physical lives, the donation Jesus made saved our souls. Tom O'Loughlin discusses the Didache (Teaching) as a handbook for Gentiles looking to be a follower of Christ found in a library in Constantinople. The Inter-Orthodox Cooperation in the Preparations for a Holy and Great Council of the Orthodox Church bases fasting on the Didache. The Russian Orthodox Church Scientific and theological conference on "The theological and practical aspects of church sacrament of the Eucharist" in St. Petersburg Theological Academy referred to the Didache. THE SACRAMENTARY OF SERAPION The Sacramentary of Serapion of Thmuis is a work of a fourth century Bishop Sarapion (Serapion) of Thmuis (Modern: Tell el-Timai) in the Nile Delta. Serapion was prominent supporter of Athanasius I, the 20th bishop of Alexandria in the struggle against Arianism (Arianism is a nontrinitarian belief that asserts that Jesus Christ is the Son of God, created by God the Father, distinct from the Father and therefore subordinate to the Father). He is best known in connection with the Sacramentary of Sarapieon prayer-book or sacramental intended for the use of bishops. The Church of Greece discusses the influence of the Didache in the evolution of the Judaic-Christian fellowship. Also it speaks about worship i.e. of Baptism, fasting, prayer, Holy Eucharist and the ecclesiastical form of government and the coming judgment as well. http://www.ecclesia.gr/greek/press/theologia/material/1957_2_5_rodopoulos1.pdf It may very well have been during Bishop Sarapion of Thmuis life that the Didache began to lose its foothold on the Church. Christianity in the 4th century was dominated in its early stage by Constantine the Great after a dramatic event in 312 at the Battle of Milvian Bridge, after which Constantine claimed the title Master of the Empire. According to these sources, Constantine looked up to the sun before the battle and saw a cross of light above it, and with it the Greek words "ΕΝ ΤΟΥΤΩ ΝΙΚΑ" ("by this, conquer!", often rendered in the Latin "in hoc signo vinces"); Constantine commanded his troops to adorn their shields with a Christian symbol (the Chi-Ro), and thereafter they were victorious. The Chi Rho (/ˈkaɪ ˈroʊ/) is one of the earliest forms of christogram, and is used by some Christians. It is formed by superimposing the first two (capital) letters chi and rho (ΧΡ) of the Greek word "ΧΡΙΣΤΟΣ" = KRistos = Christ in such a way to produce the monogram. The Chi Rho with a wreath symbolizing the victory of the Resurrection, above Roman soldiers, ca. 350. The labarum (Greek: λάβαρον) was a vexillum (military standard) that displayed the "Chi-Rho" symbol. A coin of Constantine (c.AD 337) showing a depiction of his labarum spearing a serpent. Constantine the Great reigned during the First Council of Nicaea of 325, which was the beginning of the period of the First seven Ecumenical Councils (325–787), and in its late stage by the Edict of Thessalonica of 380, which made Nicene Christianity the state church of the Roman Empire. The word "pontiff", though now most often used in relation to a Pope, technically refers to any bishop. The phrase "Roman Pontiff" is not tautological, but means "Bishop of Rome", as "Alexandrian Pontiff" means Bishop of Alexandria.[1] In the same way, the adjective "pontifical" does not refer exclusively to the Pope: a Pontifical Mass is a Mass celebrated by a bishop, not necessarily by a pope. From the adjective have been formed the nouns "the Pontifical" (the liturgical book containing the prayers and ceremonies for rites used by a bishop)[6] and "pontificals" (the insignia of his order that a bishop uses when celebrating Pontifical Mass, not papal insignia, such as the papal tiara) Constans was the third and youngest son of Constantine the Great and Fausta, his father's second wife. The highest office in the pagan pantheon was that of Pontifex Maximus or Supreme Pontiff....This was held by the Roman Caesars. The last Caesar to hold that title was Emperor Gratian who conferred it upon Pope Damascus. IOANNES PAULUS PP. II EVANGELIUM VITAE To the Bishops Priests and Deacons Men and Women religious lay Faithful and all People of Good Will on the Value and Inviolability of Human Life Take a break from reading and watch "Why Study...the Didache with Tom O'Loughlin." http://www.catholicnewsagency.com/resources/apologetics/catholic-doctrines-and-practices/the-sabbath-or-the-lords-day/ Lutheran Links on the Didache http://steadfastlutherans.org/2013/12/catechesis-integrating-the-small-catechism-with-the-liturgy-didache-by-prof-john-pless/ http://truediscipleship.com/how-should-we-view-baptism-in-the-didache-3/ http://christianity.stackexchange.com/questions/11544/apostolic-succession-and-the-didache http://scholar.valpo.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=1091&context=ils_papers http://standrewatlanticcity.org/42 The Vatican acknowledges the influence of the Didache on the formation of the church. APOSTOLIC PILGRIMAGE OF HIS HOLINESS PAUL VI TO WEST ASIA, OCEANIA AND AUSTRALIA ADDRESS OF THE HOLY FATHER PAUL VI TO THE PARTICIPANTS IN THE EPISCOPAL CONFERENCE Sydney, Australia Tuesday, 1 December 1970
  19. I Don't Trust Hillary Clinton

    What about Bernie Sanders?
  20. Did Christ speak in Aramaic or Hebrew?
  21. The Didache (The Teaching) First Christian Catechism

    Scripture explains that Manslaughter of an unborn child by a grown up adult carries a heavy fine with our Lord. Exodus 21 - The Law The Unborn Victims of Violence Act of 2004 (Public Law 108-212) is a United States law which recognizes a child in utero as a legal victim, if he or she is injured or killed during the commission of any of over 60 listed federal crimes of violence. The law defines "child in utero" as "a member of the species Homo sapiens, at any stage of development, who is carried in the womb." http://beta.congress.gov/bill/108th-congress/house-bill/1997 § 1841. Protection of unborn children May God bless Melissa Hart for sponsoring the The Unborn Victims of Violence Law. Science and religion both understand the life of a child begins at the womb and is at the mercy and protection of the mother who carries this new member of our race. Fathers have a role too. The proper response is not to incite violence on people that run abortion clinics. The proper response is to pray to our Creator that they see the truth of their action. Robert Lewis Dear, 57, shot and killed three people at a Colorado Springs Planned Parenthood clinic said in court that he's was guilty and is a "warrior for the babies." His violent action was termed a "terrorist act against women" and was a public relations blow for the "right to life" movement. Watch "Animal Cruelty. Dog beaten by neighbor" http://youtu.be/7_O3qpX0YQQ Leviticus 24 - The Law Proverbs 12 Job 34 Proverbs 14
  22. The Didache (The Teaching) First Christian Catechism

    Through the power of the Holy Spirit my mother has graduated to Heaven. I imagine her looking 33 and enjoying her new glorified body. I imagine Jesus embracing Mom to a new exciting life. She smiles now in peace. I am not God, but I am very confident that my mother was full of faith and love. A few months ago I asked mom who was her greatest love. Without hesitation she stated that she loves Jesus. Through all her pain she was never rude, easily angered or resentful. My mother believed it was our Creator's will for her to endure this terrible disease. My family, friends, and I and witnessed the cross my mother bared, As her body got weaker, her spirit became stronger. Mom endured and never gave up hope when others, including myself, may have thrown in the towel. I am not God, but I am very confident that my mother made the right moral choices in life. Proverbs 22 states that a generous person will be blessed. Mom was generous. 2 Corinthians 9 states God loves a cheerful giver. Mom gave with always with that beautiful smile on her face. 1 Peter 4 states to rejoice that you have shared in the sufferings of Christ, so that when his glory is revealed you may also rejoice and be glad. My mother can rejoice that she conquered her trial of the flesh. My family, friends, and I and witnessed the fruit of my mother's spirit. Throughout her life, mom displayed love, joy, peace, patience, kindness, goodness, and served the community, even during difficult times when others, including myself, may have looked out for ourselves. I am not God, but I am very confident that my mother made it to Heaven. James 1 states Happy is the one who endures testing, because when proven to be genuine, that person will receive the crown of life that God promised to those who love Him. 1 Peter 4 states since Christ suffered in the flesh, you also arm yourselves with the same attitude, because the one who has suffered in the flesh has finished with sin, in that one spends the rest of time on earth concerned about the will of God and not human desires. Mother endured her suffering and focused on her love with God. I was once told by a Rabbi that If one has true love of his fellow, to the extent that he no longer views him as a body but rather as a soul, he has in effect achieved exactly what the entire Torah was given to achieve. I know my mother's love is considered righteous by those of Jewish faith who knew her. Every night before we went to sleep my mother and I recited the Lord's Prayer. I would like everyone to say Lord's prayer with me in honor of the vessel before us that held my mother's spirit. “‘Our Father in heaven, hallowed be your name, your kingdom come, your will be done, on earth as it is in heaven. Give us today our daily bread. And forgive us our trespasses as we also have forgiven our trespassers And lead us not into temptation, but deliver us from the evil one. Psalms 27 states I have asked the Lord for one thing – this is what I desire! I want to live in the Lord’s house all the days of my life, so I can gaze at the beauty of the Lord. My mother's prayers are answered. I imagine Mom with Dad, Abuela, Pops, Gloria, Bruce, family and friends with Jesus looking down from Heaven and praying for us all to make the right choices in life.Romans 8 states If you live according to the flesh, you will die), but if by the Spirit you put to death the deeds of the body you will live. For all who are led by the Spirit of God are the children of God. Faith Luke Wilbur Quote I am the wind you cannot breathe, until I touch your face. Once you feel essence of this simple thought, look pass the complex termed dead to believe. I am always with you. I have given your soul and it's shell the gift of choice to see. The gift of choice is more then left or right. Choice is a chaotic path leading you nowhere or to the light of my side. Your last breath will be the beginning of time. Look to others that cross your path. A sign will shine in gentle light. There is no beginning, there is no end, there is only me.
  23. Skin Product For Daily Use

    Is it good for feet?