Jump to content
DC Message Boards


  • Content count

  • Joined

  • Last visited

  • Days Won


Everything posted by Luke_Wilbur

  1. Love and mercy

    You do a good job citing where Jewish and Christian testimony of Miracles originated. I ask you to do the same for what you state of Mohamed. Please cite the following: You are also missing the point of my question. I never stated anywhere about the divination of Jesus. Like Muslims, Christians also believe that miracles are not a recognition of divinity. All the prophets, saints and Jesus understood this. I understand what Islam believes. It is quite similar to Christian Arianism that was already believed before and during Mohamed's life. I was discussing the concept of Love and Mercy. This is the title of your topic. Both Christians and Muslims believe our Creator is our Lord and Protector. Al-Hijr (The Rocky Tract) But, you seem to emphasize that Muhammad was greater prophet than Jesus. I wonder what Mohamed would say about that. You believe that Muhammad is the final prophet with the final word, yet you believe also believe in the traditions in Muhammad's miracles. As the cliche states, You cannot have your cake and eat it too. Ali 'Imran (Family of Imran) Jesus was created by God and conceived by Mary. Christians firmly believe this as well. Muslims believe Muhammad was fathered by Abdul-Muttalib ibn Hashim and conceived by Aminah bint Wahb of the Makhzum clan. Christians firmly believe this as well. Muhammad' father, Abdullah, died almost six months before he was born. Aminah sent Muhammad into the desert as a baby. The belief was that in the desert, one would learn self-discipline, nobility, and freedom. This also gave Muhammad the chance to learn Arabic and Arab traditions. During this time, Muhammad was nursed by Halimah bint Abi Dhuayb, a poor Bedouin woman from the tribe of Banu Sa'ad, a branch of the Hawāzin, who would be with him during his time in the desert. Ali 'Imran (Family of Imran) Muhammad is buried in the Al-Masjid an-Nabawi ("Mosque of the Prophet") in the city of Medina in Saudi Arabia. As a Muslim you firmly believe this. Christians believe he is dead as well. Jesus is not buried. He has been raised and purified in Heaven with our Creator. Christians believe this as well. An-Nisa (The Women) Islam and Christian Arianism believe that Jesus was the Messiah, but not divine. It was part of the great schism. Modern day Jehovah’s Witnesses also believe that Jesus is not divine. Ali 'Imran (Family of Imran) The big difference is the belief that our Creator had a son. From what I read, Islam limits our Creator to being like a man in title only. Muslim's consider Father's only men who insert sperm into women and impregnate them with a child. Al-An'am (The Cattle) -. Further, Islam considers it to be an insult to Allah to call Adam, Djinn, or Angels call him Father, that would classify him with a human gender. Ebonites were actually even closer to Mohamed than those that Christian Arianism. They regarded Jesus as the Messiah while rejecting his divinity and insisted on the necessity of following Jewish law and rites. Mohamed's cousins, Waraka and Khadija were Ebonites. Waraka acknowledged Mohamed's call to prophecy as authentic because it followed their existing belief. Al-'Alaq (The Clot) Muslims, Christians, and Jews know the Creator does not love sinners, but he also does not like he followers that love to do violence. Al-Baqarah (The Cow) Psalm 11 Both Jews, Christians, and Muslims believe that our Creator does not like those those that shed innocent blood. Proverbs Chapter 6 Al-Ma'idah (The Table Spread) Jesus states that it is the evil practices that the Lord hates, but if one continues to transgress then he will remove life from them. Revelation 2 Revelation 2 Do you believe that Allah gives mercy to all those that request it without preconditions? Do you believe that Muslims should give mercy to all those that request it without preconditions? I also ask you to please use your own words in this response, so I can cite you.
  2. Love and mercy

    It is great that you discuss the miracles of that Jesus did through the power of the Creator. But, what is more important, is His teaching on How to Love the Creator and your neighbor. Without love (light) there is only hate (darkness).
  3. Love and mercy

    That is a nice story on compassion for animals. I love Jesus words of love and mercy for mankind.
  4. OC Sunshine House

    Does anyone know what happened to the Sunshine House? The place used have the coolest surfing tee-shirts. Everyone in my school used to wear them.
  5. Seeking Information - House Cleansing

    Proverbs Please explain to me why you are searching for evil?
  6. The Didache (The Teaching) First Christian Catechism

    Jeremiah 7 Jesus also revealed the concept of God's Love for a repentant heart who puts faith in His mercy. And God's disdain for the self righteous who lack empathy for others. Luke 7 John 7 7:37 On the last day of the feast, the greatest day, 101 Jesus stood up and shouted out, 102 “If anyone is thirsty, let him come to me, and 7:38 let the one who believes in me drink. 103 Just as the scripture says, ‘From within him 104 will flow rivers of living water.’” 105 7:39 (Now he said this about the Spirit, whom those who believed in him were going to receive, for the Spirit had not yet been given, 106 because Jesus was not yet glorified.) The 39th Festal Letter of Athanasius, written for Easter of AD 367, is of particular interest as regards the biblical canon moving away from the Didache. Athanasius: Select Works and Letters Saint Athanasius of Alexandria (Ἀθανάσιος Ἀλεξανδρείας, Athanásios Alexandrías; c. 296–298 – 2 May 373), also called Athanasius the Great, Athanasius the Confessor or, primarily in the Coptic Orthodox Church, Athanasius the Apostolic, was the twentieth bishop of Alexandria (as Athanasius I). His episcopate lasted 45 years (c. 8 June 328 – 2 May 373), of which over 17 were spent in five exiles ordered by four different Roman emperors. Athanasius is a renowned Christian theologian, a Church Father, the chief defender of Trinitarianism against Arianism, and a noted Egyptian leader of the fourth century. Conflict with Arius and Arianism as well as successive Roman emperors shaped Athanasius's career. In 325, at the age of 27, Athanasius began his leading role against the Arians as a deacon and assistant to Bishop Alexander of Alexandria during the First Council of Nicaea. Roman emperor Constantine the Great had convened the council in May–August 325 to address the Arian position that the Son of God, Jesus of Nazareth, is of a distinct substance from the Father. Three years after that council, Athanasius succeeded his mentor as archbishop of Alexandria. In addition to the conflict with the Arians (including powerful and influential Arian churchmen led by Eusebius of Nicomedia), he struggled against the Emperors Constantine, Constantius II, Julian the Apostate and Valens. He was known as "Athanasius Contra Mundum" (Latin for Athanasius Against the World).
  7. The Didache (The Teaching) First Christian Catechism

    In the First Council with the Apostles, Saint James revealed the prophecy that Jesus divine mission is to unite both Messianic Jews and Christian Gentiles into the House of David. After the Ascension of Jesus Christ, both Jews and Gentiles began to fulfill the prophecy by turning away from the darkness of sin to the light of righteous. Through the power of the Holy Spirit it was agreed upon to create the first cannon for Gentile believers in Jesus Christ living in Antioch, Syria, and Cilicia on how to properly love God. (Acts 12:12 - 17, Galatians 1:19 -20, Acts 15:13 - 29. Acts 21:17 - 24) Acts 21 According to modern day Jewish rabbis, the first cannon given by the Apostles and the Holy Spirit to gentiles was a revision of already established Jewish laws for Proselyte Gentiles regarding the admission into Israel's community according to the Torah. The Ger toshav (righteous gentile) has always been welcomed in the Jewish community and is believed by Jews to be assured of a place in the World to Come (Olam Haba). Some modern Jewish religious organizations have been particularly active in promoting the Seven Laws, notably the Chabad-Lubavitch movement (whose late leader, Rabbi Menachem Mendel Schneerson, launched the global Noahide Campaign), groups affiliated with Dor Daim. The Seven Noachide Laws While Peter and the Apostles spread Good News according to Jesus Christ across the globe, James stayed and governed the new Christian Church in Jerusalem and converted many Jews coming to worship at the temple to Jesus Christ. Using the Torah and the words of the Prophets, James was able preach how evil tempts the pride of ones desires away from the truth of eternal life and gives birth to death. Like other prophets before him, James 'the Just' was considered a holy man to both Messianic and Non Messianic Jews. James did not drink alcohol, and was vegetarian. Unlike the other disciples of Jesus Christ, Eusebius states James alone was able to enter the temple of God in Jerusalem to worship and pray. The Church History of Eusebius Book II. Chapter XXIII.—The Martyrdom of James, who was called the Brother of the Lord. James understood that both the saved and the damned know know of our Creator and Savior is one God. But, Salvation comes from our understanding and following the Royal Law of Love taught by both our Creator and His son, our Lord Jesus Christ. Damnation comes from the rebellious that ignore the Royal Law of Love and judge others with hate and no mercy. James 2 Paul understood respected James authority and mission to convert Jews to Jesus. Both Paul and James were once esteemed members in the Jewish community that were humbled by Lord's atonement of mankind through the law of Moses, which has redeemed all of us of our transgression before we knew him. Faith (Trust) in God results in righteousness for both Jews and Gentiles. Salvation comes from our understanding and following the Royal Law of Love. Paul and James testify to both Jews and Gentiles, that if we continue to willfully transgress (sin) after we know the truth about putting love and good works over the afflictions of the flesh, then our punishment from God will be far worse than the Jews judged without mercy under the old covenant given to Moses. Talmudic scholar Daniel Boyarin has argued that Paul's theology of the spirit is more deeply rooted in Hellenistic Judaism than generally believed. In "A Radical Jew: Paul and the Politics of Identity", Boyarin argues that Paul combined the life of Jesus with Greek philosophy to reinterpret the Hebrew Bible in terms of the Platonic duelist opposition between the ideal (which is real) and the material (which is false). I would argue that like the other Apostles Saint Paul explained the New Covenant in terms Hellenistic Jews could understand. Textus Receptus Hebrews 10 Paul does proclaim God will judge each one of us according to our works following truth or unrighteousness. Through Jesus Christ, God will judge Jews according to the law he gave to them by Moses. Then Jesus will judge the Gentiles that did not know of Him according to their conscience. If a Gentile is following Jewish law, Jesus will judge them according to the Law given to Moses. If a Gentile is a Christian, then He will judge them according to the new Law of Love. Romans 2 Codex Sinaticus The Church History of Eusebius Book II. Chapter XXIII.—The Martyrdom of James, who was called the Brother of the Lord. CONCERNING ALBINUS UNDER WHOSE PROCURATORSHIP JAMES WAS SLAIN; AS ALSO WHAT EDIFICES WERE BUILT BY AGRIPPA. The Shepherd of Hermas mentions a Clement whose office it was to communicate with other churches; most likely, this is a reference to Clement I. The narrative is addressed to James the Just, the Bishop of Jerusalem, and is related in the voice of Clement himself. He begins by detailing his religious questionings, his doubts about immortality, his love for celibacy, and so on. Clement hears at Rome the preaching of a man of Judea who relates the miracles of Christ. R identifies this man as Barnabas; H does not provide a name. Clement defends this speaker from the mob, and follows him to Palestine. Epistle of Clement to James When the Apostles were martyred in their steadfast Love of God and mankind, their personal testimony of Jesus, the Didache, and most importantly the Holy Spirit remained with the Church body to help communicate the Living Word of God of love and avoid hate. The Didache became a well known guide that was cited frequently by the early Christian Patriarchs Athanasius, Didymus, and Eusebius, and Serapion of Thmuis as the Christian Church spread to Antioch, Rome, and Alexandria. From my research I speculate that Hellenistic Jews in these areas were absorbed into Christianity. Further I speculate that these Hellenistic Christians came into conflict with Traditional Jewish Christians that still believed in following the revised Mosaic law found in the Didache given by the Apostles.
  8. I am looking to sell my deed. I am the sole owner. I love Silverlake, but I just do not have any time to get down to Florida with my kids. Silverlake is right next to Walt Disney World. It is minutes away from all the Theme Parks, Golfing & More! Ownership: Deeded Usage Type: Annual - Every Year Points: Not Specified Maintenance Fees: $365.00 Affilliation: RCI Resort Code: 2610 Season: Not Specified Resort Description Get away from it all at this award-winning vacation retreat! Located in the heart of Orlando Florida's world-renowned attractions area, *Silver Lake Resort* is just minutes away from the Universal Orlando Resort and SeaWorld Florida, and is just two miles from the main entrance of Walt Disney World. The exclusive Caribbean ambiance offers a relaxing environment and the vacation of a lifetime! For more information, visit www.silverlakeresort.com. *RCI Silver Crown Resort* Featuring a luxurious 3 bedroom, 3 bath suite will accommodate 12 guests comfortably. Usage is annual in a floating week. For more information or to make an offer, please call 202 - 285 - 3238 Luke
  9. Seeking Information - House Cleansing

    If you look for the darkness you will find it. But, it is difficult to discern a psychopath from one that has been possessed. Both are what you would define as evil. But, a true possession is one that is a vessel of the dark one. You need to be of strong mind and character to confront a possession. If you are not selfless and do not have a strong faith I would recommend you do not pursue this path.
  10. The Didache (The Teaching) First Christian Catechism

    Psalm 51 51:1 For the music director; a psalm of David, written when Nathan the prophet confronted him after David’s affair with Bathsheba. Have mercy on me, O God, because of your loyal love! Because of your great compassion, wipe away my rebellious acts! 51:2 Wash away my wrongdoing! Cleanse me of my sin! 51:3 For I am aware of my rebellious acts; I am forever conscious of my sin. 51:4 Against you – you above all – I have sinned; I have done what is evil in your sight. So you are just when you confront me; you are right when you condemn me. 51:5 Look, I was guilty of sin from birth, a sinner the moment my mother conceived me. 51:6 Look, you desire integrity in the inner man; you want me to possess wisdom. 51:7 Sprinkle me with water and I will be pure; wash me and I will be whiter than snow. 51:8 Grant me the ultimate joy of being forgiven! 24 May the bones 25 you crushed rejoice! 26 51:9 Hide your face 27 from my sins! Wipe away 28 all my guilt! 51:10 Create for me a pure heart, O God! 29 Renew a resolute spirit within me! 30 51:11 Do not reject me! 31 Do not take your Holy Spirit 32 away from me! 33 51:12 Let me again experience the joy of your deliverance! Sustain me by giving me the desire to obey! 34 51:13 Then I will teach 35 rebels your merciful ways, 36 and sinners will turn 37 to you. 51:14 Rescue me from the guilt of murder, 38 O God, the God who delivers me! Then my tongue will shout for joy because of your deliverance. 39 51:15 O Lord, give me the words! 40 Then my mouth will praise you. 41 51:16 Certainly 42 you do not want a sacrifice, or else I would offer it; 43 you do not desire a burnt sacrifice. 44 51:17 The sacrifices God desires are a humble spirit 45 – O God, a humble and repentant heart 46 you will not reject. 47 51:18 Because you favor Zion, do what is good for her! 48 Fortify 49 the walls of Jerusalem! 50 51:19 Then you will accept 51 the proper sacrifices, burnt sacrifices and whole offerings; then bulls will be sacrificed 52 on your altar. 53 Proverbs 16 Malachi 3 Matthew 11 11:2 Now when John heard in prison about the deeds Christ had done, he sent his disciples to ask a question: 4 11:3 “Are you the one who is to come, 5 or should we look for another?” 11:4 Jesus answered them, “Go tell John what you hear and see: 11:5 The blind see, the lame walk, lepers are cleansed, the deaf hear, the dead are raised, and the poor have good news proclaimed to them. 11:6 Blessed is anyone 9 who takes no offense at me.” 11:7 While they were going away, Jesus began to speak to the crowd about John: “What did you go out into the wilderness to see? A reed shaken by the wind? 11:8 What did you go out to see? A man dressed in fancy clothes? Look, those who wear fancy clothes are in the homes of kings! 11:9 What did you go out to see? A prophet? Yes, I tell you, and more than a prophet. 11:10 This is the one about whom it is written: ‘Look, I am sending my messenger ahead of you, who will prepare your way before you.’ 11:11 “I tell you the truth, among those born of women, no one has arisen greater than John the Baptist. Yet the one who is least in the kingdom of heaven is greater than he is. 11:12 From the days of John the Baptist until now the kingdom of heaven has suffered violence, and forceful people lay hold of it. 11:13 For all the prophets and the law prophesied until John appeared. 11:14 And if you are willing to accept it, he is Elijah, who is to come. 11:15 The one who has ears had better listen! 11:16 “To what should I compare this generation? They are like children sitting in the marketplaces who call out to one another, 11:17 ‘We played the flute for you, yet you did not dance; we wailed in mourning, yet you did not weep.’ 11:18 For John came neither eating nor drinking, and they say, ‘He has a demon!’ 28 11:19 The Son of Man came eating and drinking, and they say, ‘Look at him, a glutton and a drunk, a friend of tax collectors and sinners!’ 31 But wisdom is vindicated by her deeds.” 23:1 Then Jesus said to the crowds and to his disciples, 23:2 “The 1 experts in the law 2 and the Pharisees 3 sit on Moses’ seat. 23:3 Therefore pay attention to what they tell you and do it. But do not do what they do, for they do not practice what they teach. 4 23:4 They 5 tie up heavy loads, hard to carry, and put them on men’s shoulders, but they themselves are not willing even to lift a finger to move them. 23:5 They 6 do all their deeds to be seen by people, for they make their phylacteries 7 wide and their tassels 8 long. 23:6 They 9 love the place of honor at banquets and the best seats in the synagogues 10 23:7 and elaborate greetings 11 in the marketplaces, and to have people call them ‘Rabbi.’ 23:8 But you are not to be called ‘Rabbi,’ for you have one Teacher and you are all brothers. 23:9 And call no one your ‘father’ on earth, for you have one Father, who is in heaven. 23:10 Nor are you to be called ‘teacher,’ for you have one teacher, the Christ. 12 23:11 The 13 greatest among you will be your servant. 23:12 And whoever exalts himself will be humbled, and whoever humbles himself will be exalted. 23:13 “But woe to you, experts in the law 14 and you Pharisees, hypocrites! 15 You keep locking people out of the kingdom of heaven! 16 For you neither enter nor permit those trying to enter to go in. The Word Became Flesh Among Us Papyrus 66 (also known as P66) is a near complete codex of the Gospel of John, and part of the collection known as the Bodmer Papyri. It is one of the oldest well-preserved New Testament manuscripts known to exist. The Good News According to John - Papyrus 66 Chapter 1 John 3 3:22 After this, 47 Jesus and his disciples came into Judean territory, and there he spent time with them and was baptizing. 3:23 John 48 was also baptizing at Aenon near Salim, 49 because water was plentiful there, and people were coming 50 to him 51 and being baptized. 3:24 (For John had not yet been thrown into prison.) 52 3:25 Now a dispute came about between some of John’s disciples and a certain Jew 53 concerning ceremonial washing. 54 3:26 So they came to John and said to him, “Rabbi, the one who was with you on the other side of the Jordan River, 55 about whom you testified – see, he is baptizing, and everyone is flocking to him!” 3:27 John replied, 56 “No one can receive anything unless it has been given to him from heaven. 3:28 You yourselves can testify that I said, ‘I am not the Christ,’ 57 but rather, ‘I have been sent before him.’ 3:29 The one who has the bride is the bridegroom. The friend of the bridegroom, who stands by and listens for him, rejoices greatly 58 when he hears the bridegroom’s voice. This then is my joy, and it is complete. 59 3:30 He must become more important while I become less important.” 60 3:31 The one who comes from above is superior to all. 61 The one who is from the earth belongs to the earth and speaks about earthly things. 62 The one who comes from heaven 63 is superior to all. 64 3:32 He testifies about what he has seen and heard, but no one accepts his testimony. 3:33 The one who has accepted his testimony has confirmed clearly that God is truthful. 65 3:34 For the one whom God has sent 66 speaks the words of God, for he does not give the Spirit sparingly. 67 3:35 The Father loves the Son and has placed all things under his authority. 68 3:36 The one who believes in the Son has eternal life. The one who rejects 69 the Son will not see life, but God’s wrath 70 remains 71 on him. John 4 4:19 The woman said to him, “Sir, I see that you are a prophet. 4:20 Our fathers worshiped on this mountain, and you people say that the place where people must worship is in Jerusalem.” 4:21 Jesus said to her, “Believe me, woman, a time is coming when you will worship the Father neither on this mountain nor in Jerusalem. 4:22 You people worship what you do not know. We worship what we know, because salvation is from the Jews. 4:23 But a time is coming – and now is here – when the true worshipers will worship the Father in spirit and truth, for the Father seeks such people to be his worshipers. 4:24 God is spirit, and the people who worship him must worship in spirit and truth.” 4:25 The woman said to him, “I know that Messiah is coming” (the one called Christ); “whenever he comes, he will tell us everything.” 4:26 Jesus said to her, “I, the one speaking to you, am he.” 7:1 After this 1 Jesus traveled throughout Galilee. 2 He 3 stayed out of Judea 4 because the Jewish leaders 5 wanted 6 to kill him. 7:2 Now the Jewish feast of Tabernacles 7 was near. 8 7:3 So Jesus’ brothers 9 advised him, “Leave here and go to Judea so your disciples may see your miracles that you are performing. 10 7:4 For no one who seeks to make a reputation for himself 11 does anything in secret. 12 If you are doing these things, show yourself to the world.” 7:5 (For not even his own brothers believed in him.) 13 7:6 So Jesus replied, 14 “My time 15 has not yet arrived, 16 but you are ready at any opportunity! 17 7:7 The world cannot hate you, but it hates me, because I am testifying about it that its deeds are evil. 7:8 You go up 18 to the feast yourselves. I am not going up to this feast 19 because my time 20 has not yet fully arrived.” 21 7:9 When he had said this, he remained in Galilee. John 10 10:22 Then came the feast of the Dedication in Jerusalem. 10:23 It was winter, and Jesus was walking in the temple area in Solomon’s Portico. 10:24 The Jewish leaders surrounded him and asked, “How long will you keep us in suspense? If you are the Christ, tell us plainly.” 10:25 Jesus replied, “I told you and you do not believe. The deeds 66 I do in my Father’s name testify about me. 10:26 But you refuse to believe because you are not my sheep. 10:27 My sheep listen to my voice, and I know them, and they follow me. 10:28 I give 67 them eternal life, and they will never perish; 68 no one will snatch 69 them from my hand. 10:29 My Father, who has given them to me, is greater than all, 70 and no one can snatch 71 them from my Father’s hand. 10:30 The Father and I 72 are one.” 73 10:31 The Jewish leaders 74 picked up rocks again to stone him to death. 10:32 Jesus said to them, 75 “I have shown you many good deeds 76 from the Father. For which one of them are you going to stone me?” 10:33 The Jewish leaders 77 replied, 78 “We are not going to stone you for a good deed 79 but for blasphemy, 80 because 81 you, a man, are claiming to be God.” 82 10:34 Jesus answered, 83 “Is it not written in your law, ‘I said, you are gods’? 84 10:35 If those people to whom the word of God came were called ‘gods’ (and the scripture cannot be broken), 85 10:36 do you say about the one whom the Father set apart 86 and sent into the world, ‘You are blaspheming,’ because I said, ‘I am the Son of God’? 10:37 If I do not perform 87 the deeds 88 of my Father, do not believe me. 10:38 But if I do them, even if you do not believe me, believe the deeds, 89 so that you may come to know 90 and understand that I am in the Father and the Father is in me.” 10:39 Then 91 they attempted 92 again to seize him, but he escaped their clutches. 93 God had appointed them as “gods” (i.e., individuals with power by God’s authority). He had made them His sons in the sense of His representatives on earth 1 John 1 1 John 4 4:15 If anyone confesses that Jesus is the Son of God, God resides 38 in him and he in God. 4:16 And we have come to know and to believe 39 the love that God has in us. 40 God is love, and the one who resides 41 in love resides in God, and God resides in him. 4:17 By this 42 love is perfected with 43 us, so that we may have confidence in the day of judgment, because just as Jesus 44 is, so also are we in this world. 4:18 There is no fear in love, but perfect love drives out fear, because fear has to do with punishment. 45 The 46 one who fears punishment 47 has not been perfected in love. 4:19 We love 48 because he loved us first. Both Christians and Muslims believe Jesus is the Messiah. The concept of messianism originated in Judaism. According to Jewish tradition, the Jewish Messiah, ha-Mashiach (המשיח, "the Messiah", "the anointed one"), often referred to as "King Messiah" (מלך המשיח, melekh mashiach), is plainly distinct from the concept of a divine Christian Messiah or any other concept of a messiah in other Abrahamic religions, especially the Islamic. The future Jewish Messiah to come is thought to be a human leader, physically descended from the paternal Davidic line through King David and King Solomon. He is thought to accomplish predetermined things in only one future arrival, including the unification of the tribes of Israel, the gathering in of all Jews to Eretz Israel, the rebuilding of the Temple in Jerusalem, the ushering in of a Messianic Age of global universal peace, and the annunciation of the World to Come. THE NOBLE QUR'AN Ali 'Imran (Family of Imran) 2 Corinthians 3 The Letter of Ignatius, Bishop of Antioch, To the Magnesians Romans 8 The Paedagogus (Book I) Chapter 2. Our Instructor's Treatment of Our Sins Romans 5 - Codex Sinaiticus The Didache confirms what it means to be righteous. To those without faith, the Didache is wisdom to being virtuous. But, faith alone is a grace given by our Creator alone. Without faith one cannot be righteous with God, by rejecting His presence. Romans 9 Watch "Differences between Adam and Satan." This video explains the Muslim view of thhe demise of Iblis (Satan) from Allah's (God's) favor and the rise of Prophet Adam as the inheritor and successor on Earth.
  11. The Didache (The Teaching) First Christian Catechism

    Saint Justin, also known as Justin Martyr (100–165), was an early Christian apologist, and is regarded as the foremost interpreter of the theory of the Logos in the 2nd century. He was martyred, alongside some of his students, and is considered a saint by the Roman Catholic Church, the Anglican Church, and the Eastern Orthodox Church JUSTIN MARTYR -- THE FIRST APOLOGY OF JUSTIN CHAPTER V -- CHRISTIANS CHARGED WITH ATHEISM. Why, then, should this be? In our case, who pledge ourselves to do no wickedness, nor to hold these atheistic opinions, you do not examine the charges made against us; but, yielding to unreasoning passion, and to the instigation of evil demons, you punish us without consideration or judgment. For the truth shall be spoken; since of old these evil demons, effecting apparitions of themselves, both defiled women and corrupted boys, and showed such fearful sights to men, that those who did not use their reason in judging of the actions that were done, were struck with terror; and being carried away by fear, and not knowing that these were demons, they called them gods, and gave to each the name which each of the demons chose for himself. And when Socrates endeavored, by true reason and examination, to bring these things to light, and deliver men from the demons, then the demons themselves, by means of men who rejoiced in iniquity, compassed his death, as an atheist and a profane person, on the charge that "he was introducing new divinities;" and in our case they display a similar activity. For not only among the Greeks did reason (Logos) prevail to condemn these things through Socrates, but also among the Barbarians were they condemned by Reason (or the Word, the Logos) Himself, who took shape, and became man, and was called Jesus Christ; and in obedience to Him, we not only deny that they who did such things as these are gods, but assert that they are wicked and impious demons, whose actions will not bear comparison with those even of men desirous of virtue. CHAPTER VI -- CHARGE OF ATHEISM REFUTED. Hence are we called atheists. And we confess that we are atheists, so far as gods of this sort are concerned, but not with respect to the most true God, the Father of righteousness and temperance and the other virtues, who is free from all impurity. But both Him, and the Son (who came forth from Him and taught us these things, and the host of the other good angels who follow and are made like to Him), and the prophetic Spirit, we worship and adore, knowing them in reason and truth, and declaring without grudging to every one who wishes to learn, as we have been taught. Painting - The Artist's Hand, by Alex Grey In Book II, section Anacephalaeosis VI in the volume of "The Panarion (Medicine Chest) of Epiphanius of Salamis," Bishop Epiphanius rebuked the Christian sect, known as the 'Audians,' literal view that God is visible in men and women in the body. The Panarion of Epiphanius of Salamis Ephanius believed that Audius' error was making the invisible God visible and mankind His equal. Epanius did believe men and women were made in God's image, but where in God's image is known only to Jesus, Angels, and pure of heart. Many have speculated God's image could be our soul which is invisible as God is invisible, virtue, grace of the heavenly image in baptism which is lost in sin, or in Adam before the his fall from grace. "How can the corporeal by like the incorporeal? How can the tangible be like the incomprehensible?" Ephanius stated that Audianites believed the proof was in the physical description of God in scripture. The prophets in the old testament were not baptized. Epanius rebutted God revealed His image to the holy ones as far as their minds could comprehend to to give testimony to the faithful that He is more than just mere words. God exists over the world of fact and imagination. Through the power of God's Holy Spirit, the infinite aspect of God became finite in the flesh of Jesus Christ. The Didascalia Apstolorum opens with a summary and expansion of both scripture and the previous Didache's view on the choice we all make in life. The only traits of our Creator the Didascalia Apostolorum reveals is that He is the Father to his righteous creation and only the pure in Spirit can see and dwell with Him in the Kingdom of Heaven. Didascalia Apostolorum The modern day Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints share the same belief as the Audiuns that "All Human Beings Are Created in the Image of God." President Thomas S. Monson: “God our Father has ears with which to hear our prayers. He has eyes with which to see our actions. He has a mouth with which to speak to us. He has a heart with which to feel compassion and love. He is real. He is living. We are his children made in his image. We look like him and he looks like us” To Muslims, Jesus role is similar to the how Jews view the prophet Ezra, who had devoted himself to the study and observance of the Law of the Lord, and to teaching its decrees and laws in Israel. Both Jews and Christians believe Ezra a member of the priestly family of Aaron. Christians believe Jesus was a member of the priestly family of David through his blessed Mother, Mary and his adopted earthly father Joseph. It is worth noting that some Muslims believe Jesus to be from priestly family of Aaron, because Mary is a cousin Elizabeth. The Gospel of Luke does not determine how close the two women are related. In addition the Greek word "suggenes" can also mean akin to, fellow countryman, and kinsman. Both Jews and Christians believe Ezra was both a prophet and priestly scribe that taught and published the "book of the law of Moses" (Torah) which he had brought with him from Babylon, and made fellow Jews solemnly recognize it as the basis of their religious and civil code. Some Muslims believe Ezra to be a prophet, other Muslim scholars such as Mutahhar al-Maqdisi and Djuwayni and notably Ibn Hazm and al-Samaw'al accused Uzair (or one of his disciples) of falsification of the Torah. Some Muslims believe that Ezra was revered by a community of Jews in Yemen as a divine "son of God." Quran At-Tawbah (The Repentance) All Jews consider the notion of prophet Ezra being a divine son of God blasphemy. Tractate Ta'anit of the Jerusalem Talmud, which predates Muhammad by two to three hundred years, states that “if a man claims to be God, he is a liar." This may be do to a Muslim linguistic misunderstanding of Ezra's position in the Jewish faith as a Bene Elohim (Sons of God) a phrase used in the Hebrew Bible and apocrypha to describe a righteous individual who becomes conscious of God's fatherhood to his creation. The Encyclopedia of Judaism clarifies that the title of 'son of God' is attributed a person whose piety has placed him in a very near relationship to God and "by no means carries the idea of physical descent from, and essential unity with, God" In this Logic a Muslim could consider the prophet Mohamed a Bene Elohim. Bene Elohim use to refer a righteous being is in contrast to the New Testament and Quran understanding of the phrase, where it can refer to man as divine being. To Christians Jesus’ is a rabbi, priest, prophet, and divine king that during his time on Earth taught, fulfilled, and expanded the "book of the law of Moses" (Torah) and commands given by our Creator to the prophets and converted fellow Jews to solemnly recognize the Christian meaning of being righteous (love, purity and sacrifice). Many Jews believe that Jesus violated the Torah's purity laws by touching the sick and dead. Ezra recorded Persian King Cyrus' decree of 538 which allowed the Jews to return to Jerusalem and rebuild our temple for Our Creator's Holy Spirit to dwell in . Jesus prophesied the destruction of the physical temple dedicated to Our Creator and new sanctuary built within the body of all those that follow Jesus example of being righteous (love, purity and sacrifice). I think it is beneficial for both Christians and Muslims to study Jewish law and the prophets in order to enrich their spiritual understanding of what it means to be a righteous person. Likewise, it is beneficial for Jews and Muslims to study the teachings of Jesus and his disciples on what it means to be righteous person. Finally the Jews and Christians should study the teachings of Mohamed and his disciples on what it means to be righteous person. Original sin, also called ancestral sin, is the Christian doctrine of humanity's state of sin resulting from the fall of man, namely the sin of consuming from the tree of knowledge of good and evil, stemming from Adam's rebellion in Eden. Here we find Saint Paul explaining that our physical death was a result of Adam's failure to follow our Creator's command. Our eternal life is a result of the sacrifice Jesus made for us.
  12. The Didache (The Teaching) First Christian Catechism

    Even social scientist will tell you that your life is worth more than money. Valuing your time more than the pursuit of money is linked to greater happiness, according to new research published by the Society for Personality and Social Psychology. The Benefits from Marriage and Religion in the United States: A Comparative Analysis by Linda J. Waite and Evelyn L. Lehrer the association between religious involvement and better mental health outcomes, including greater self-esteem, better adaptation to bereavement, a lower incidence of depression and anxiety, a lower likelihood of alcohol and drug abuse, and greater life satisfaction and happiness in general (Koenig et al. 2001). Recent longitudinal analyses of subgroups of the population provide additional evidence in support of this relationship (Zuckerman et al. 1984; Levin et al. 1996).
  13. The Didache (The Teaching) First Christian Catechism

    Approximately 13.8 billion years ago, our known Universe expanded from a singularity. Genesis 1 To love God, is to know God and what He is not. As we have evolved in our created world, so has choice between arrogance and humility to the power of what made us. Psalm 82 John 3 Great Isaiah Scroll Translation: Professor Peter Flint (Western Trinity University, Canada) and Professor Eugene Ulrich (University of Notre Dame) 2 Peter 3 Each one of us has unique life events and circumstance that cause us think differently, unconventionally, or from a new a new perspective. What is your perspective on unknown force(s) operating within our expanding and dying universe? The Universe is a simulation The Universe is real, but not created by God The Universe is created with God Many scientist put their faith in one or both of the first two options and are working hard to create something to replace Him. Synthetic Creation made in the image of man Singularitarianism is a movement of philosophers, scientists and futurists that predict a technological singularity—the creation of a Super Artificial Intelligence (SAI) machine that could successfully outperform any intellectual task that a human being can within our near future. Some scientists, such as Stephen Hawking and Stuart Russell, believe that if advanced Artificial Intelligence someday gains the ability to re-design itself at an ever-increasing rate, an unstoppable "intelligence explosion" could lead to human extinction. Machine made in the image of man Elon Musk, Facebook’s Mark Zuckerberg, and actor Ashton Kutcher are all high-profile investors in Vicarious, a company that aims to build a computer that can think like a person. "We are building a unified algorithmic architecture to achieve human-level intelligence in vision, language, and motor control. Currently, we are focused on visual perception problems, like recognition, segmentation, and scene parsing. We are interested in general solutions that work well across multiple sensory domains and tasks. Using inductive biases drawn from neuroscience, our system requires orders of magnitude less training data than traditional machine learning techniques. Our underlying framework combines advantages of deep architectures and generative probabilistic models. We use modern software engineering practices, and we strive to maintain a codebase and a culture that are a joy to work in." If science fiction shapes the future, then it is possible that one day machines will recognize emotions as efficiently as they do speech. How are we to ensure that empathetic, emotionally intelligent machines evolve at the hands of selfless individuals whose sole purpose is to help humanity and not just make jobs more efficient and profitable. In the film, "Terminator 2: Judgment Day" before the T-800 autonomous robot, played by Arnold Schwarzenegger, terminated it told John Connor: "I know now why you cry, but it is something I can never do." The T-800 understood loss, but not pain. Synthetic God made in the image of a machine In the films 'The Matrix Reloaded' and 'The Matrix Revolutions,' the Architect is a heartless error-correcting program created by machines in a human image to understand the nature of humanity. The Architect of the Matrix was modeled after the concept of The Great Architect of the Universe (also Grand Architect of the Universe or Supreme Architect of the Universe) discussed by many Christian theologians, apologists, and Freemasons. Unlike our Creator, the Great Architect of the Universe has no defined empathy that affects aspects of our communal living. Similarly, the Architect of the Matrix does not calculate or choice of compassion and mercy for others. Rather compassion and mercy are considered systemic anomalies that can crash the calculation of fate prediction built within the program. Unlike our Creator, the the the Architect of the Matrix can be destroyed from a virus (Evil). Unlike the Architect of the Matrix, the Oracle of the Matrix views empathy as a calculation of choice that she can make. Like the Architect of the Matrix, the Oracle cannot calculate the outcome of her choice, but the accuracy of a choice made can be verified. Like a Prophet in the Bible, the Oracle acts as a intermediary between the Matrix and humanity to promote change. Unlike a Prophet in the Bible, the Oracle's intuition is not completely accurate. Similar to the Didache, humans are given a choice to stay connected or disconnect from the Matrix simulation of the real world. The difference is the Matrix is somewhat dependent on humans to reboot the program if it freezes from a calculation error or gets a virus. Our Creator is not dependent on humans at all. Synthetic God made in the image of man The Machine Intelligence Research Institute (MIRI), formerly the Singularity Institute for Artificial Intelligence (SIAI), is a non-profit organization founded in 2000 to research safety issues related to the development of Strong AI. The main issue MIRI states is unknown "once AI algorithms are doing the bulk of the intellectual work in designing new AI systems, it is not clear how to establish safety guarantees that apply not only to the programs we write, but also to the programs our programs write. These and other under-explored questions will only become more pressing as progress in computer science allows AI systems to act with increasing autonomy and efficiency." At this point, I seen read any paper that an autonomous AI system would have the ability to calculate the consequences of whether or not an action it makes could manipulate, harm or eradicate humanity in the future. Over the past few months I have noticed that the robo calls to my home are increasing in frequency and sophistication in voice recognition and response. I have also noticed AI written articles and paintings are getting to the point where they are indistinguishable from a writer or artist. Synthetic Man made in the image of man. In June 2016, scientists formally announced HGP-Write, a plan to synthesize the human genome. The newly created HGP-Write project will be managed by the Center of Excellence for Engineering Biology, a new nonprofit organization. For-profit organ harvesting is the first step in creating a synthetic man.“These self-selected scientists and entrepreneurs are launching a corporate-dominated moonshot that could open the door to producing synthetic human beings,” said Marcy Darnovsky, PhD, Executive Director of the Center for Genetics and Society. “They are doing this without the involvement or even the knowledge of the public or civil society, without consultation with other scientists, and in the absence of public policy.” Man made in the image of an alien Vox Media, held an invitation-only Code Conference where top technology industry leaders gathered for in-depth conversations about the current and future impact of digital technology on our lives. All the media focused attention to conference speaker, Elon Musk, the founder, of SpaceX, Tesla Motors, PayPal, Zip2;chairman of SolarCity; and co-chairman of OpenAI. Musk was asked whether we were living in a simulation? Elon Musk stated the strongest argument for mankind currently living in a simulation is only 30 years ago we were playing PONG, the very first sports arcade video game that featured simple two-dimensional graphics. Now several decades later we have photo realistic 3-Dimensional video simulations with millions of people playing simultaneously. Augmented reality (AR) is a live direct or indirect view of a physical, real-world environment whose elements are augmented (or supplemented) by computer-generated sensory input such as sound, video, graphics or GPS data. It is related to a more general concept called mediated reality, in which a view of reality is modified (possibly even diminished rather than augmented) by a computer. A good commercial example is Six Flags Revolution Virtual Reality Coaster. Musk continued that with any improvement in technology, virtual reality will be indistinguishable from our perception of base reality. He then gave his theory that the odds that we are in base reality is "one in billions." If we are not in base reality, then what is? Simulation Hypothesis In 2003, philosopher Nick Bostrom proposed a trilemma that one of three unlikely-seeming propositions must be true. The trilemma points out that a technologically mature "posthuman" civilization would have enormous computing power; if even a tiny percentage of them were to run "ancestor simulations" (that is, "high-fidelity" simulations of ancestral life that would be indistinguishable from reality to the simulated ancestor), the total number of simulated ancestors, or "Sims", in the universe (or multiverse, if it exists) would greatly exceed the total number of actual ancestors. Therefore, at least one of the following three propositions is almost certainly true: 1. "The fraction of human-level civilizations that reach a posthuman stage (that is, one capable of running high-fidelity ancestor simulations) is very close to zero", or 2. "The fraction of posthuman civilizations that are interested in running ancestor-simulations is very close to zero", or 3. "The fraction of all people with our kind of experiences that are living in a simulation is very close to one" If we are just avatars living in a simulation, then our thoughts and feelings are not truly our own. And the world as we know it is just coded algorithms of vibrating energy harvested to power our Creator's base reality or converted to a higher form. Random Action or Creator Command Are we just randomly made pond scum and not unique created children of God? Stephen Hawking's states "The human race is just a chemical scum on a moderate-sized planet, orbiting around a very average star in the outer suburb of one among a hundred billion galaxies." When asked about death he recently said this: “I regard the brain as a computer which will stop working when its components fail. There is no heaven or afterlife for broken down computers. That is a fairy story for people afraid of the dark.” God is outside the box we understand.
  14. Clinton

    What are your thoughts on Donald Trump and Gary Johnson?
  15. The Didache (The Teaching) First Christian Catechism

    Epiphanius of Salamis (church father, ca. 310–20 – 403), fresco at Gracanica monastery, near Lipljan in Kosovo The first mention of the Didascalia was mentioned by Bishop Epiphanius of of Cyprus in a response letter to abbots in Syria on its use by a Christian sect known as Audianites. Audius, was later exiled by the Emperor Theodosius I to Lower Scythia (Eastern Europe) where the Audiunite belief flourished among the Goths (East Germanic people) for approximately a century. Letter of Acacius and Paul In a letter written in 366 Ad from the Archimandrite presbyters Acacius and Paul (superior abbots) of Beroea (modern day Aleppo, Syria) in Coelesyria (Beqaa Valley forms part of the modern nations of Lebanon, Syria and Israel) to Epiphanius of Eluetheropolis (modern day Beit Guvrin, Israel) in Palestine (better known as Bishop Epiphanius of Constantia in the province of Cyprus) requesting a understanding of the type of cult heresy was being done by a list of Chrisitan sects given to him. The Archimandrites believed these sects were following Christ in name only and not his faith. Proem II The 50th sect mentioned by the archmandrites to Bishop Epiphanius was the Audian sect, who followed similar practices as the Byzantine Church of this time period, but were thought to be in possible heresy. Epiphanius' replied to the presbyter Acacius and Paul, concerning their letter to him about his writing a cult heresiology on the Audians and other sects for better clarification. In Book II, section Anacephalaeosis VI in the volume of "The Panarion (Medicine Chest) of Epiphanius of Salamis," Bishop Epiphanius begins his discourse by stating the Audians (Odians) are not a sect, but rather a body of laymen founded by Audius (or Audaeus) of Mesopotamia that were in rebellion with the Catholic Church in their use of apocrphal works and consider Catholic bishops materialistic. The Audians also kept the the Passover on the Jewish date and were literal on God's image meaning God's body. Bishop Salamis describes Audius as a pure, godly, man in the trinity and Christian faith. Like Martin Luther he observed and spoke out against the money loving corruption of the Catholic Church and separated himself from it and repeatedly beaten for his rebellion. After being expulsed from the Catholic Church, the presbyters consecrated him bishop. Ephanius rebuked Audius view that at the Council of Nicea the Catholic Church gave up celebrating Easter (Pachal Feast) at the same time as the Jews celebrate Passover to suit emperor Constantine's birthday (April 21 the birthday of the city of Rome founded in 753 BC. The Festival of Perilia, later known as the Natalis urbis Romae became a public holiday of celebration and entertainment to honor its founders, the twin brothers Romulus and Remus). Ephanius argued that the emperor was not concerned for his birthday, but for unity of the eastern and western branches of the church and to silence pagan jokes that no one knew the exact date of the Pachal Feast. It is in this passage that Ephanius directly mentions the Didascalia of the Apostles. The Panarion of Epiphanius of Salamis Ephanius further interprets the Didascalia's ordinance did not mean to celebrate Easter with the Jews, which at his time were considered enemies of Christ by the Empire. But, rather when the Jews celebrate their passover, mourn and fast during this time, for they crucified Christ. And Christians should feast when the Jews mourn on the Feast of Unleavened Bread. Error derives from following the Jewish dating method of determing Paschal celebration because movements of the Sun and Moon during a solar year not fall on a fixed dates. Further, Ephanius stated that the Audians' rebellion on an agreed upon Easter date was not in harmony with Christ wanting one Pachal Feast. Didascalia Apostolorum Chapter XXI To better understand Bishop Epiphanius rebuttal of Audian error is to read the writing of Bishop Eusebius Pamphilus of Caesarea Maritima (also known as Eusebius Pamphili). Eusebius was a scholar of Biblical cannon and is considered to as the Father of Church history and favorite of Emperor Constantine. EUSEBIUS PAMPHILUS OF CAESAREA THE LIFE OF THE BLESSED EMPEROR CONSTANTINE Read Historian Salminius Hermias Sozomenus book, "The Ecclesiastical History of Salaminius Hermias Sozomenus," Chapter XVIII. "Another Heresy, that of the Sabbatians, is originated by the Novatians. Their Synod in Sangarus. Account in Greater Detail of the Easter Festival." The date of Easter is still unresolved between the Eastern and Western Church. the Christian Orthodox Church continues to follow the Julian calendar when calculating the date of the Pachal Feast. The rest of Christianity uses the Gregorian calendar. There is a thirteen-day difference between the two calendars, the Julian calendar being thirteen 13 days behind the Gregorian. The other factor at work is that the Orthodox Church continues to adhere to the rule set forth by the First Ecumenical Council, held in Nicea in 325 AD, that requires that the Pachal Feast must take place after the Jewish Passover in order to maintain the Biblical sequence of Christ’s Passion. The rest of Christianity ignores this requirement, which means that on occasion Western Easter takes place either before or during the Jewish Passover. Messianic Jews, Jews for Jesus, Church of God International and Seventh Day Baptists do recognize and celebrate Passover.
  16. Seeking Information - House Cleansing

    What you are going into is very dark. Jesuit Community Wolfington Hall 37th and O Streets, N.W., Washington D.C. 20057 Phone: (202) 687.4000 Fax: (202) 687.7679
  17. Easter the Paschal Festival

    Bishop Anatolius of Laodicea (modern dayTurkey) also known as Anatolius of Alexandria, was born and raised in Alexandria, Egypt, during the early 3rd century. In the "Church History of Eusebius", Anatolis was noted in "learning and skill in Greek philosophy, such as arithmetic and geometry, astronomy, and dialectics [investigating or discussing the truth of opinions] in general, as well as physics, he stood first among ablest men of our time, and was also head of the rhetorical science." Eusebius also mentions that citizen of Alexandria requested Anatolis to establish as school of Aristolian philosophy. The Romans noted Anatolius reputation for practical wisdom that he was given command of a garrison in Brucheium (also known as Pyrucheium) in 262 AD. Brucheium was the Greek and Egyptian royal district within the City of Alexandria. The Ante-Nicene Fathers, subtitled "The Writings of the Fathers Down to A.D. 325", is a collection of books in 10 volumes (one volume is indexes) containing English translations of the majority of Early Christian writings. The period covers the beginning of Christianity until before the promulgation of the Nicene Creed at the First Council of Nicaea. The translations are very faithful, and provide valuable insights into the spirituality and theology of the early Church fathers. ANTE-NICENE FATHERS VOLUME 6. Gregory Thaumaturgus, Dionysius the Great, Julius Africanus, Anatolius and Minor Writers, Methodius, Arnobius. The Paschal Canon of Anatolius of Alexandria ...Origen also, the most erudite of all, and the acutest in making calculations,—a man, too, to whom the epithet χαλκευτής is given,—has published in a very elegant manner a little book on Easter. And in this book, while declaring, with respect to the day of Easter, that attention must be given not only to the course of the moon and the transit of the equinox, but also to the passage (transcensum) of the sun, which removes every foul ambush and offense of all darkness, and brings on the advent of light and the power and inspiration of the elements of the whole world, he speaks thus: In the (matter of the) day of Easter, he remarks, I do not say that it is to be observed that the Lord’s day should be found, and the seven1160 days of the moon which are to elapse, but that the sun should pass that division, to wit, between light and darkness, constituted in an equality by the dispensation of the Lord at the beginning of the world; and that, from one hour to two hours, from two to three, from three to four, from four to five, from five to six hours, while the light is increasing in the ascent of the sun, the darkness should decrease II ... according to the months of the Macedonians, it is on the two-and-twentieth day of Dystrus. And, as the Romans would say, it is on the eleventh day before the Kalends of April. Now the sun is found on the said six-and-twentieth day of Phamenoth, not only as having mounted to the first segment, but as already passing the fourth day in it. And this segment they are accustomed to call the first dodecatemorion (twelfth part), and the equinox, and the beginning of months, and the head of the cycle, and the starting-point of the course of the planets. And the segment before this they call the last of the months, and the twelfth segment, and the last dodecatemorion, and the end of the circuit1165 of the planets. And for this reason, also, we maintain that those who place the first month in it, and who determine the fourteenth day of the Paschal season by it, make no trivial or common blunder. III For it was also known to the Jews of old and before Christ, and it was most carefully observed by them.1166 And this may be learned from what Philo, and Josephus, and Musæus have written; and not only from these, but indeed from others still more ancient, namely, the two Agathobuli,1167 who were surnamed the Masters, and the eminent Aristobulus,1168 who was one of the Seventy who translated the sacred and holy Scriptures of the Hebrews for Ptolemy Philadelphus and his father, and dedicated his exegetical books on the law of Moses to the same kings. These writers, in solving some questions which are raised with respect to Exodus, say that all alike ought to sacrifice the Passover1169 after the vernal equinox in the middle of the first month. And that is found to be when the sun passes through the first segment of the solar, or, as some among them have named it, the zodiacal circle. IV But this Aristobulus also adds, that for the feast of the Passover it was necessary not only that the sun should pass the equinoctial segment, but the moon also. For as there are two equinoctial segments, the vernal and the autumnal, and these diametrically opposite to each other, and since the day of the Passover is fixed for the fourteenth day of the month, in the evening, the moon will have the position diametrically opposite the sun; as is to be seen in full moons. And the sun will thus be in the segment of the vernal equinox, and the moon necessarily will be at the autumnal equinox. V ...they endeavor to prove that the festival of the Passover and unleavened bread ought by all means to be kept after the equinox. But I shall pass on without demanding such copious demonstrations (on subjects from which the veil of the Mosaic law has been removed; for now it remains for us with unveiled face to behold ever as in a glass Christ Himself and the doctrines and sufferings of Christ. But that the first month among the Hebrews is about the equinox, is clearly shown also by what is taught in the book of Enoch. VII To us, however, with whom it is impossible for all these things to come aptly at one and the same time, namely, the moon’s fourteenth, and the Lord’s day, and the passing of the equinox, and whom the obligation of the Lord’s resurrection binds to keep the Paschal festival on the Lord’s day, it is granted that we may extend the beginning of our celebration even to the moon’s twentieth. For although the moon of the 20th does not fill the whole night, yet, rising as it does in the second watch, it illumines the greater part of the night. Certainly if the rising of the moon should be delayed on to the end of two watches, that is to say, to midnight, the light would not then exceed the darkness, but the darkness the light. But it is clear that in the Paschal feast it is not possible that any part of the darkness should surpass the light; for the festival of the Lord’s resurrection is one of light, and there is no fellowship between light and darkness. And if the moon should rise in the third watch, it is clear that the 22d or 23d of the moon would then be reached, in which it is not possible that there can be a true celebration of Easter. For those who determine that the festival may be kept at this age of the moon, are not only unable to make that good by the authority of Scripture, but turn also into the crime of sacrilege and contumacy, and incur the peril of their souls; inasmuch as they affirm that the true light may be celebrated along with something of that power of darkness which dominates all. VIII on the first day of unleavened bread, the disciples came to Jesus.” And there is no doubt as to its being the fourteenth day on which the disciples asked the Lord, in accordance with the custom established for them of old, “Where wilt Thou that we prepare for Thee to eat the Passover?” But they who are deceived with this error maintain this addition, because they do not know that the 13th and 14th, the 14th and 15th, the 15th and 16th, the 16th and 17th, the 17th and 18th, the 18th and 19th, the 19th and 20th, the 20th and 21st days of the moon are each found, as may be most surely proved, within a single day. For every day in the reckoning of the moon does not end in the evening as the same day in respect of number, as it is at its beginning in the morning. For the day which in the morning, that is up to the sixth hour and half, is numbered the 13th day of the month, is found at even to be the 14th. Wherefore, also, the Passover is enjoined to be extended on to the 21st day at even; which day, without doubt, in the morning, that is, up to that term of hours which we have mentioned, was reckoned the 20th. Calculate, then, from the end of the 13th day of the moon, which marks the beginning of the 14th, on to the end of the 20th, at which the 21st day also begins, and you will have only seven days of unleavened bread, in which, by the guidance of the Lord, it has been determined before that the most true feast of the Passover ought to be celebrated. IX But what wonder is it that they should have erred in the matter of the 21st day of the moon who have added three days before the equinox, in which they hold that the Passover may be celebrated? An assertion which certainly must be considered altogether absurd, since, by the best-known historiographers of the Jews, and by the Seventy Elders, it has been clearly determined that the Paschal festival cannot be celebrated at the equinox. But nothing was difficult to them with whom it was lawful to celebrate the Passover on any day when the fourteenth of the moon happened after the equinox. Following their example up to the present time all the bishops of Asia—as themselves also receiving the rule from an unimpeachable authority, to wit, the evangelist John, who leant on the Lord’s breast, and drank in instructions spiritual without doubt—were in the way of celebrating the Paschal feast, without question, every year, whenever the fourteenth day of the moon had come, and the lamb was sacrificed by the Jews after the equinox was past; not acquiescing, so far as regards this matter, with the authority of some, namely, the successors of Peter and Paul, who have taught all the churches in which they sowed the spiritual seeds of the Gospel, that the solemn festival of the resurrection of the Lord can be celebrated only on the Lord’s day. Whence, also, a certain contention broke out between the successors of these, namely, Victor, at that time bishop of the city of Rome, and Polycrates, who then appeared to hold the primacy among the bishops of Asia. And this contention was adjusted most rightfully by Irenæus,at that time president of a part of Gaul, so that both parties kept by their own order, and did not decline from the original custom of antiquity. The one party, indeed, kept the Paschal day on the fourteenth day of the first month, according to the Gospel, as they thought, adding nothing of an extraneous kind, but keeping through all things the rule of faith. And the other party, passing the day of the Lord’s Passion as one replete with sadness and grief, hold that it should not be lawful to celebrate the Lord’s mystery of the Passover at any other time but on the Lord’s day, on which the resurrection of the Lord from death took place, and on which rose also for us the cause of everlasting joy. For it is one thing to act in accordance with the precept given by the apostle, yea, by the Lord Himself, and be sad with the sad, and suffer with him that suffers by the cross, His own word being: “My soul is exceeding sorrowful, even unto death;” and it is another thing to rejoice with the victor as he triumphs over an ancient enemy, and exults with the highest triumph over a conquered adversary, as He Himself also says: “Rejoice with Me; for I have found the sheep which I had lost.” The Ante-Nicene Fathers, subtitled "The Writings of the Fathers Down to A.D. 325", is a collection of books in 10 volumes (one volume is indexes) containing English translations of the majority of Early Christian writings. The period covers the beginning of Christianity until before the promulgation of the Nicene Creed at the First Council of Nicaea. The translations are very faithful, and provide valuable insights into the spirituality and theology of the early Church fathers. ANTE-NICENE FATHERS VOLUME 6. Gregory Thaumaturgus, Dionysius the Great, Julius Africanus, Anatolius and Minor Writers, Methodius, Arnobius. The Paschal Canon of Anatolius of Alexandria
  18. Seeking Information - House Cleansing

    Hi Nat, I may be able to help you. Can you tell me a little about your faith. Thanks. Luke
  19. Seeking Information - House Cleansing

    Hi Nathaniel, What would you like to know?
  20. Idiocracy is a 2006 American cult science fiction comedy film about US Army librarian, Corporal "Average Joe" Bauers, discovering that in the future our nation's crops are irrigated with a sports drink named "Brawndo", whose parent corporation had purchased the Food and Drug Administration (FDA), Federal Communications Commission (FCC), and United States Department of Agriculture (USDA). Film story writers Mike Judge and Etan Cohen point out as satire that under the separation of powers in the constitution, theoretically, the president can authorize departments in his branch of government to be sponsored by a sports drink. Cracked humorously discusses whether America is facing benign idiocracy where private corporations would like to manage our needs. https://youtu.be/OmZOZjHjT5E No Executive Branch member shall allow private sponsorship of a public federal building, event, or commodity. Stop Idiocracy
  21. Family in need

    Affordable Dwelling Units Contact information: District of Columbia Government Department of Housing and Community Development 1800 Martin Luther King Avenue SE, Washington, DC 20020 Phone: (202) 442-7200 Fax: (202) 645-6727 TTY: 711 Email: dhcd@dc.gov Office Hours: Monday to Friday, 8:15 am to 4:45 pm Housing Resource Center: Monday to Friday, 8:30 am to 3:30 pm
  22. Fundamental resources and values (FRVs) are those features, systems, processes, experiences, stories, scenes, sounds, smells, or other attributes determined to warrant primary consideration during planning and management processes because they are essential to achieving the purpose of the park and maintaining its significance. Fundamental resources and values are closely related to a park’s legislative purpose and are more specific than significance statements. Fundamental resources and values help focus planning and management efforts on what is truly significant about the park. One of the most important responsibilities of National Park Service (NPS) managers is to ensure the conservation and public enjoyment of those qualities that are essential (fundamental) to achieving the purpose of the park and maintaining its significance. If fundamental resources and values are allowed to deteriorate, the park purpose and/or significance could be jeopardized. Laws, Executive Orders, and Regulations That Apply to the FRV, and NPS Policy-level Guidance for The White House and the Wings • Executive Order 6166, “Organization of Executive Agencies” • National Capital Planning Act of 1952 • The Antiquities Act of 1906 • National Historic Preservation Act of 1966, as amended (16 USC 470) • Organic Act of 1916 • Presidential Inaugural Ceremonies Act of 1958, as amended • Title 16 U.S.C. & 1 et seqq. and Public Law 87-286, 75 Stat. 586 (September 22, 1961), (3 U.S.C & 110 note) • National Environmental Policy Act of 1969 • Executive Order 13508, “Chesapeake Bay Protection and Restoration” NPS Policy-level Guidance (NPS Management Policies 2006 and Director’s Orders) • NPS Management Policies 2006 • Director’s Order 6: Interpretation and Education • Director’s Order 28: Cultural Resource Management • Director’s Order 64: Commemorative Works and Plaques • NPS Museum Handbook • Manual for Museums
  23. The White House Visitor Center is located in the Great Hall of the Herbert C. Hoover Federal Building. Originally the Patent Search Room, the Great Hall subsequently served as the Washington Tourist Information Center and temporary office space. In 1993, restoration of the ornate plaster ceiling and Indiana marble walls began. Today the space contains interactive exhibits, visitor information, and the White House Historical Association shop. The President of the United States lives in a National Park (202) 208-1631 Phone number for the White House Visitor Center and President's Park offices.
  24. White House Visitor Center

    Page 8 Page 12 Page 13 Page 14 Page 15
  25. White House Visitor Center

    President Obama Announces Members of the Committee for the Preservation of the White House Committee to advise on the preservation of objects in the White House’s public spaces